MILK GOAT BREEDS.
SAANEN - TOGGENBURGER - ALPINE
- Alpine = Pure french/Swiss goat
- American Alpine = French/Swiss Alpine crossed with other breeds.
- Toggenburger = Swiss goat
- British Toggenburger = Swiss Toggenburger crossed with British breeds.
- Dutch Toggenburger = Swiss Toggenburger crossed with Drentse landrace
- Saanen = Swiss breed
- Dutch White = Swiss/German Saanen x Dutch landrace
- Banat White = Swiss Saanen crossed with Romanian breeds.
- British Saanen = Swiss Saanen crossed with British breeds.
- French Saanen = Swiss Saanen crossed with French breeds.
- Israeli Saanen = Swiss Saanen crossed with Israeli breeds.
- Russian White = Swiss Saanen crossed with Russian breeds.
- Weiße Deutsche Edelziege = Swiss Saanen crossed with German breeds.
- Yugoslav Saanen = Swiss Saanen crossed with Yugoslav breeds.
- American Saanen = A mix of all Saanen crosses crossed with some other American breeds.
The best milk breeds today are;
1) Dutch White
2) Saanen (the original Swiss one)
3) Alpine (the original French one)
4) Toggenburger (the original Swiss one)
History of Dutch milk goat breeds.
In the Netherlands there are 4 rare milk breeds;
- Dutch Toggenburger (Nederlandse Toggenburger)
- Dutch landrace (Nederlandse Landgeit)
- Dutch Pied (Nederlandse Bonte)
- Dutch White (Nederlandse Witte)
The Dutch Landrace determined the face of the goat population in our country for centuries. Sober animals with little production, usually horned and long-haired, of various colors. From 1900 until the First World War, Swiss goats were imported to improve milk and meat production.
DRENTSE LANDGEIT x SWISS TOGGENBURGER = DUTCH TOGGENBURGER.
The double-purpose breed the Dutch Toggenburger goat has its history in Drenthe, it originated from crosses between the then Drentse Landgeit and the Swiss Toggenburger goat. In 1938 the breeding characteristics of these goats were stable, so that it became a new breed. Typical of the milk chocolate brown Toggenburger is the compact type and color marking, including the mask: a white stripe on either side of the nose bone.
DUTCH LANDRACE x SWISS SAANEN = DUTCH WHITE.
ZEELAND LANGEIT x SWISS SAANEN = DUTCH PIED.
In the other provinces the goats were crossed with Saanen goats from 1900 and this led to the Dutch White goat. In Zeeland and South Holland less white was selected, the Dutch Pied Goat originated from the colorful Zeeland Landgeit. The Pied goat is available in black and white and brown and sometimes the White Goat is used for blood exchange and improvement. Professional milk goat farming has grown enormously since the end of the 1980s; the majority of the milk goats are non-studded white goats, often with a dash of different blood (Nubian, Alpine, Saanen).